Posted by: Ron DuBour | August 14, 2012

American Heroes from Massachusetts~Henry Knox (1750-1806)~by rldubour


 

Henry Knox (1750-1806)

To Scots-Irish immigrants.

William Knox and Mary Campbell

Born in Boston, Massachusetts

They taught Henry not to amble.

 

Father was a ship’s captain

He died in fifty-nine.

At age twelve he went to work

Worked in a bookstore at the time.

 

Later opened his own bookshop

Named the London Book Store.

Largely self-educated

For Knox there would be much more.

 

On June 16 in seventy-four

He married Lucy Flucker.

Fleeing Boston in seventy-five

Montpelier is where he took her.

 

Supported the American rebels

The Sons of Liberty.

Was soon to play a key role

In our country’s history.

 

At the Boston Massacre

And fought at Bunker Hill.

Became good friends with Washington

A great task was at his will.

 

The recently captured cannons

At FortTiconderoga.

Was commissioned as a colonel

He would fulfill that quota.

 

During the Battle of Trenton

Was in charge of crossing the Delaware.

With Washington and his forces

They caught the British unaware.

 

So many things Knox had achieved

Our first Secretary of War.

Established the Springfield Armory

A Major General and much more.

 

A true hero to our country

His family and his friends

The list of his accomplishments

Never seems to end.

 

AUTHOR NOTES: HENRY KNOX was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on 25 July 1750; upon his father’s death left school at twelve to work in a bookstore; joined a local military company at eighteen, was present at the Boston Massacre, 1770, joined the Boston Grenadier Corps in 1772; married Lucy Flucker in 1774; joined the patriot cause and offered his services to General Washington in 1775; was commissioned colonel of the Continental Regiment of Artillery; led the expedition to transfer captured British guns from Fort Ticonderoga to Boston in 1776, a move that forced the British to evacuate the city; led the Delaware River crossing and participated in the Battle of Trenton in 1776; was promoted to brigadier general and Chief of Artillery of the Continental Army, December 1776; participated in the battles of Princeton, Brandywine, and Germantown in 1777 and Monmouth in 1778; sat on the court-martial of Major John Andre in 1780; placed the American artillery at the Yorktown siege in 1781; commanded the West Point post, 1782–1783; organized the Society of the Cincinnati, 1783; was commander in chief of the Army, 23 December 1783–20 June 1784; served under the Confederation as Secretary at War, 8 March 1785–11 September 1789; served under the Constitution as first Secretary of War, 12 September 1789–31 December 1794; prepared a plan for a national militia, advocated and presided over initial moves to establish a regular Navy, urged and initiated the establishment of a chain of coastal fortifications, and supervised Indian policy; retired to Thomaston, Maine, 1796; engaged in lumbering, shipbuilding, stock raising, and brick manufacturing; died in Thomaston on 25 October 1806. Two separate American forts, FortKnox (Kentucky), and FortKnox (Maine) were named after him. Knox Hall [             1] at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, home of the Field Artillery Center and Field Artillery School, is also named after him. A KnoxCounty has been named for him in Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Tennessee, and Texas. Knoxville, Tennessee, is also named for him. As the Siege of Boston continued, he suggested that the cannons then at recently captured FortTiconderoga could have a decisive impact. Washington commissioned him to colonel and gave him charge of an expedition to retrieve them. His force brought them by ox-drawn sled south along the west bank of the Hudson River from Fort Ticonderoga to Albany, where they crossed the Hudson and then continued east through The Berkshires and finally to Boston Knox and his men averaged approximately 5 ⅜ miles per day, completing the 300 mile trip in 56 days, between December 5th, 1775, and January 24th, 1776. The Cannon Train was composed of fifty-nine cannon and mortars, and weighed a total of 60 tons. Upon their arrival in Cambridge, when Washington’s army took the Heights of Dorchester, the cannons were placed in a heavily fortified position overlooking Boston, from which they seriously threatened the British fleet in the harbor (see fortification of Dorchester Heights). As a result, the British were forced to withdraw to Halifax on March 17, 1776. During the Battle of Trenton, Colonel Knox was in charge of Washington’s crossing of the Delaware River. Though hampered by ice and cold, with John Glover’s Marbleheaders (14th Continental Regiment) manning the boats, he got the attack force of men, horses, and artillery across the river without loss. Following the battle, he returned the same force, along with hundreds of prisoners, captured supplies, and all the boats, back across river by the afternoon of December 26. Knox was promoted to brigadier general for this accomplishment. He died of an infection (peritonitis) three days later on October 25, 1806 and was buried in Thomaston, Maine (then Massachusetts)

 


Responses

  1. Per usual, your poetry and your prose (in notes) are fantastic!

  2. […] American Heroes from Massachusetts~Henry Knox (1750-1806)~by rldubour […]

    • thank YOU


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Categories

%d bloggers like this: