Friday and last day of February, celebrating Black History month, today is:
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (1913-2005)
Born in Tuskegee, Alabama
To Leona and James McCauley
Of African, Cherokee-Creek
And Scots-Irish ancestry.
Father was a carpenter
Mother was a teacher
Rosa had a younger brother
His name was Sylvester
Rosa was a small child
Suffered from poor health.
Chronic tonsillitis mom
Always by her side to help.
When her parents separated
They moved to grandparents’ farm
Just outside of Montgomery
She thought was her lucky charm.
Attending rural schools
Until the age of eleven.
Taking academic and vocational
Courses was the discretion.
Then attending teachers college
Set up by the state of Alabama
Was forced to drop out to care
For ailing grandma and mamma.
In nineteen hundred and thirty- two
She married Raymond Parks.
Taking numerous jobs from domestic
Worker to Hospital Aide she did embark.
Racial segregation was imposed
In public faculties and retail stores.
Enforcing seating sections on buses
The Jim Crow law did implore.
In December of forty-three
Was active in the civil rights movement.
A chapter in the NAACP
Seeking for improvement.
December first of fifty-five
In Montgomery, Alabama
Bus driver James F. Blake
Did not avoid the drama.
He ordered her to give up her seat
In the colored section.
Rosa took offence to this
And resisted bus segregation.
Her act of defiance became
An international symbol of
The modern movement
And much more thereof.
Receiving national recognition
Including the NAACP’s
An heroine in history.
Authors Note: Notes provided by Charlesetta Young
WE SALUTE ROSA PARKS
Born :Rosa Louise McCauley
February 4, 1913
Tuskegee, Alabama, U.S.
Died :October 24, 2005 (aged 92)
Detroit, Michigan U.S.
Occupation Civil rights activist
Known for Montgomery Bus Boycott
Home town Tuskegee, Alabama
Spouse(s) Raymond Parks (1932–1977)
Signature: Rosa Parks Signature.svg
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African-American Civil rights activist, whom the United States Congress called “the first lady of civil rights” and ” Civil rights activist, whom the United States Congress called “the first lady of civil rights” and ”
the mother of the freedom movement”. Her birthday, February 4, and the day she was arrested, December 1, have both become Rosa Parks Day, commemorated in the U.S. states of California and Ohio.
On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake’s order that she give up her seat in the colored section to a white passenger, after the white section was filled.
Parks was not the first person to resist bus segregation. Others had taken similar steps in the twentieth century, including Irene Morgan in 1946, Sarah Louise Keys in 1955, and the members of the Browder v. Gayle lawsuit (Claudette Colvin, Aurelia Browder, Susie McDonald, and Mary Louise Smith) arrested months before Parks. NAACP organizers believed that Parks was the best candidate for seeing through a court challenge after her arrest for civil disobedience in violating Alabama segregation laws though eventually her case became bogged down in the state courts.
Parks’ act of defiance and the Montgomery Bus Boycott became important symbols of the modern Civil Rights Movement. She became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation. She organized and collaborated with civil rights leaders, including Edgar Nixon, president of the local chapter of the NAACP; and Martin Luther King, Jr., a new minister in town who gained national prominence in the civil rights movement. At the time, Parks was secretary of the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP. She had recently attended the HighlanderFolkSchool, a Tennessee center for training activists for workers’ rights and racial equality.
She acted as a private citizen “tired of giving in”. Although widely honored in later years, Eventually, she moved to Detroit, where she briefly found similar work. From 1965 to 1988 she served as for her act; she was fired from her job as a seamstress in a local department store. Secretary and receptionist to John Conyers ,an African-American U.S. Representative. After retirement, Parks wrote her autobiography, and lived a largely private life in Detroit. In her final years, she suffered from dementia.
Parks received national recognition, including the NAACP’s 1979 Spingarn Medal, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Congressional Gold Medal, and a posthumous statue in the United States Capitol’s National Statuary Hall. Upon her death in 2005, she was the first woman and second non-U.S. government official to lie in honor at the Capitol Rotunda.