Knowing your American Heroes

John Fitzgerald Kennedy (1917- 1963)

 John F. Kennedy 1917-1963

 

Born in Brookline, Massachusetts

May twenty-ninth at three p.m.

To Rose and Joseph Kennedy

Lived there until the age of ten.

 

He was a Boy Scout in Troop 2

From twenty-nine to thirty-one

Would grow up to be our President

No other Scout has ever done.

 

In nineteen-forty graduated

From Harvard University.

In forty-one enlisted

In the United States Navy.

 

Earned the rank of lieutenant

Commanded a patrol torpedo boat.

Rammed by a Japanese destroyer

He kept an injured man afloat.

 

In forty-six involved in politics

A Congressman then Senator Kennedy.

Married Jacqueline Lee Bouvier

On September twelfth in nineteen-fifty-three.

 

Sworn in as the 35th President

On January twentieth, nineteen sixty-one.

Facing Domestic and Foreign policies

A great task has now begun.

 

At home he fought for Civil Rights

Immigration and the Space Program

Afar was faced with Iraq

Cuban Missile Crises and Vietnam.

 

On November twenty-second

At 12:30pm in sixty-three.

An assassin in Dallas, Texas

Took the life of John F Kennedy.

 

Stole him from our Nation

And his wife Jacqueline.

Also from his son and daughter

John Junior and Caroline.

 

Buried in Arlington National Cemetery

His grave is lit with an “Eternal Flame.”

A hero for our country

Forever will live his name.

 

AUTHOR NOTES: Kennedy was born at 83 Beals Street in Brookline, Massachusetts on Tuesday, May 29, 1917, at 3:00 p.m., the second son of Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., and Rose Fitzgerald; Rose, in turn, was the eldest child of John “Honey Fitz” Fitzgerald, a prominent Boston political figure who was the city’s mayor and a three-term member of Congress. Kennedy lived in Brookline for his first ten years. He attended Brookline’s public Edward Devotion School from kindergarten through the beginning of 3rd grade, then Noble and Greenough Lower School and its successor, the Dexter School, a private school for boys, through 4th grade. He attended Riverdale Country School, a private school for boys in Riverdale, for 5th through 7th grade. He was a member of Scout Troop 2 at Bronxville from 1929 to 1931 and was to be the first Scout to become President. For 8th grade in September 1930, Kennedy was sent fifty miles away to Canterbury School, a lay Catholic boarding school for boys in New Milford, Connecticut. In late April 1931, he had appendicitis requiring an appendectomy, after which he withdrew from Canterbury and recuperated at home. In September 1931, Kennedy was sent over sixty miles away to The Choate School, an elite private university preparatory boarding school for boys in Wallingford, Connecticut for 9th through 12th grade. In September 1936 he enrolled as a freshman at Harvard College, residing in Winthrop House during his sophomore through senior years. He graduated cum laude from Harvard with a degree in international affairs in June 1940, and his thesis was published in July 1940 as a book entitled Why England Slept, and became a bestseller. On August 2, 1943, Kennedy’s boat, the PT-109, was taking part in a nighttime patrol near New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. It was rammed by the Japanese destroyer Amagiri. Kennedy was thrown across the deck, injuring his already-troubled back. Nonetheless, he swam, towing a wounded man, to an island and later to a second island where his crew was subsequently rescued. Kennedy married Jacqueline Lee Bouvier on September 12, 1953. After World War II, John Fitzgerald Kennedy considered becoming a journalist before deciding to run for political office. Prior to the war, he hadn’t really considered becoming a politician because the family had already pinned its political hopes on his older brother, Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. Joseph, however, was killed in World War II, making John tops in seniority. When in 1946 U.S. Representative James Michael Curley vacated his seat in an overwhelmingly Democratic district to become mayor of Boston, Kennedy ran for the seat, beating his Republican opponent by a large margin. He was a congressman for six years but had a mixed voting record, often diverging from President Harry S. Truman and the rest of the Democratic Party. In 1952, he defeated incumbent Republican Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. for the U.S. Senate. John F. Kennedy was sworn in as the 35th President at noon on January 20, 1961. In his inaugural address he spoke of the need for all Americans to be active citizens, famously saying, “Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.” He also asked the nations of the world to join together to fight what he called the “common enemies of man: tyranny, poverty, disease, and war itself.” In closing, he expanded on his desire for greater internationalism: “Finally, whether you are citizens of America or citizens of the world, ask of us the same high standards of strength and sacrifice which we ask of you.” President Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas, at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time on November 22, 1963, while on a political trip through Texas. He was pronounced dead at 1:00 p.m. Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested, in a theatre about 80 minutes after the assassination and was charged by Dallas police for the murder of Dallas policeman J.D. Tippit, before eventually being charged for the murder of Kennedy. Oswald denied shooting anyone, claiming he was a patsy, and was killed by Jack Ruby before he could be indicted or tried. On March 14, 1967, Kennedy’s body was moved to a permanent burial place and memorial at Arlington National Cemetery. Kennedy is buried with his wife and their deceased minor children, and his brother, the late Senator Robert Kennedy is also buried nearby. His grave is lit with an “Eternal Flame”. In the film The Fog of War, then Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara claims that he picked the location in the cemetery — a location which Jackie agreed was suitable. Kennedy and William Howard Taft are the only two U.S. Presidents buried at Arlington. John F. Kennedy had 2 children that survived infancy. Caroline was born in 1957 and John Jr. was born in 1960, just a few weeks after his father was elected. John died in 1999. Caroline is currently the only surviving member of JFK’s immediate family.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Posted by: Ron DuBour | September 14, 2020

I pray my dreams come true~by rldubour


 

 

I pray my dreams come true

Forever Begins Here… | writingismysanity

Tell me it is not make believe
If you’re not real I’ll turn and leave.
And let my dreams still torture me
Don’t tell me that my eyes deceive.

Another vision this can’t be
I’ll search until eternity.
I know my dreams will come true
I will not stop ’till I find you.

When I find you I will know
Will hold you tight my love will flow.
I’ll never ever let you go
This will be real my love will show.

My eyes are open as I search
I pray my dreams are not a curse.
And that I never will find you
Each day my heart will break in two.

Can not believe my dreams came true
That moment when I looked at you.
With your blue eyes and golden hair
Please tell me that you’re really there.

I see you smile angelically
All my dreams are reality.
I feel your breath so close to me
I feel your touch so tenderly.

A love so fine once lost in time
My dreams fulfilled now you are mine.
And now, my love, that I’ve found you,
Together we’ll make our dreams come true.

Posted by: Ron DuBour | September 11, 2020

My shadowed glass 9/11~by rldubour


 

 

My shadowed glass 9/11

Saudi Arabia: 9/11 bill will “open the gates of hell” – SHAREverything.com

 

 

It’s been awhile my shadowed glass,

I still have questions, may I ask?

I look at you my shadowed glass,

This is the question I must ask.

Why this senseless tragedy that has come to pass?

 

The death filled shadow overhead,

Crashed and burned and left the dead.

Why? Help me understand,

How ruthless is this mortal man?

The men and woman that will never come home,

The ones who loved them now left alone.

 

I pray the angel’s guide them right,

And protect their souls from their earthly plight.

Now is the time to stand all tall,

And show the devil who has the ball!

We the United States are saddened by this day,

Make no mistake about it; the devil is going to pay.

 

To our nation’s leaders in this time of need,

That run our country, where we all live free.

That whatever action they must take,

We are all behind them make no mistake!

 

Oh shadowed glass, oh shadowed glass,

That darkened hour has come to pass.

The price of freedom we now must pay,

And send those devils to their graves.

 

America we love you,

The good old red, white and blue.

God bless America, God bless us all,

God bless our homeland and forever

We will stand tall!


Friday! Time for an American Hero! Today is:

 

 

 

Knowing your American Heroes

Chief Massasoit (1580?-1660)

 

60 Best Massasoit of the Pokanoket Indians images | wampanoag, wampanoag  indians, native american

 

 

Born around fifteen-eighty

They called him Massasoit.

The chief of the Wampanoag’s

Of the land now called Massachusetts.

 

His dominions extended from

Cape Cod to Narragansett Bay.

His tribe numbered in the thousands

Yellow fever took most away.

 

Shortly before the Pilgrims

Stepped onto Plymouth Rock.

Massasoit warriors about

Three hundred left in his flock.

 

In March of sixteen-twenty-one

The Pilgrims in their new land.

An Indian named Samoset

Entered the town with a welcome hand.

 

“Welcome Englishmen!” he announced

“I am the envoy of Massosoit.”

“The greatest commanded of the country”

Shall offer peace if you should choose it.

 

A treaty of friendship was completed

In few and unequivocal terms.

Massasoit and the Pilgrims

A contract that would stay firm.

 

Massasoit was human and honest

Never violated his word.

The oldest act of diplomacy

In New England that’s on record.

 

Two of his sons were named

Wamsutta and Pometacom

Soon after the death of Massasoit

Wamsutta would carry on.

 

Wamsutta died within a year

Pometacom became the chief.

Took the Christian name of Philip

Would bring his people grief.

 

Massasoit constantly endeavored

To imbue his people with love and peace.

Not forgotten by the Colonists

Named a state after this great Chief.

 

AUTHOR NOTES: MASSASOIT, Indian chief, born in what is now Massachusetts about 1580; died there in the autumn of 1660. His dominions extended over nearly all the southern part of Massachusetts, from Cape Cod to Narragansett bay, but his tribe, the Wampanoag’s, once supposed to have numbered several thousand, had been, shortly before the landing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, reduced to about 300 warriors by a disease supposed to have been yellow fever. In March, 1621, three months after the founding of Plymouth, an Indian named Samoset entered the town and exclaimed in English, which he had learned from the Penobscot fishermen, “Welcome, Englishmen!” He announced himself as the envoy of Massasoit, “the greatest commander of the country.” , After some negotiation the latter came in person and was received with due ceremony. A treaty of friendship was then completed in few and unequivocal terms. Both parties promised to abstain from mutual injuries, and to deliver offenders: the colonists were to receive assistance if attacked, to render it if Massasoit should be unjustly assailed. The treaty included the confederates of the sachem, and is the oldest act of diplomacy recorded in New England. It was sacredly kept for fifty-four years, the friendly disposition of Massasoit toward the colonists never relaxing. His residence was within the limits of what is now the town of Warren, Rhode Island, near an abundant spring of water which still bears his name. Roger Williams, when banished from the Massachusetts colony and on his way to Providence, was entertained by him for several weeks at this place. Massasoit was humane and honest, never violated his word, and constantly endeavored to imbue his people with a love of peace, he kept the Pilgrims advised of any warlike designs toward them by other tribes. In person, says Nathaniel Morton in his “New England’s Memorial,” he was “a very lusty man in his best years, an able body, grave of countenance, and spare of speech.” Two of his sons were named Wamsutta and Pometacom. Soon after the death of Massasoit these sons went to Plymouth and requested the Pilgrims to give them English names. The court named them Alexander and Philip. The former became chief sachem, but died within a year, and was succeeded by his brother Philip

 

Posted by: Ron DuBour | September 9, 2020

Autumn Woods~by rldubour


 

 

Autumn Woods

Path through fall woods | Mother-Daughter Press

I see the autumn colors so beautiful and bright.
As I walk through the woods I reflect upon my life.
To look ahead and wonder what life has in store for me.
I can only think of all the possibilities.

I think about the things that I hold so deep inside.
I think about the ones I lost and try so not to cry.
I think about the things I like and what I like to do.
I think about so many things in which I have to choose.

I look at Mother Nature as I walk through the autumn woods.
I wonder what I would really change, if I really could?
I would not change anything for all seems so just right.
As I walk through the autumn woods, I reflect upon my life.

I think about the animals in which we share this earth.
Of every living creature and the values they are worth.
I think about the things I love and what they mean to me.
And thank the Lord for all the things that He has given me.

I love to dance; I love to sing and even writing too.
I love the little things in life and all there is to do.
I love my home and children that God has sent to me.
I love the world around me and the beauty that I see


Friday! Time for an American Hero! Today is:

 

Knowing your American Heroes

William Ellsworth “Dummy” Hoy (18962-1961)

Dummy Hoy - Wikipedia

Born in Houcktown, Ohio

William Ellsworth Hoy

At age three had meningitis

Left him deaf this baby boy.

 

Sent to study in Columbus the

Ohio State School for the Deaf.

Was class valedictorian

His ability was deft.

 

Shortly after graduating.

Opened his own shoe repair store.

Played baseball on the weekends

This love would bring a great deal more.

 

Signed a professional contract

With an Oshkosh, Wisconsin team.

The year was eighteen-eighty-six

To play pro ball was his dream.

 

To the Washington Nationals

Of the American Association.

The year was eighteen-eighty-eight

Major league baseball his vocation.

 

The most accomplished deaf player

In major league history.

For offense and his defense

Could not hear but sure could see.

 

Set many major league records

All during his career.

Played in all four different leagues

Gave his fans reason to cheer.

 

Hoy and his wife Anna-Maria

Retired and bought a dairy farm.

A hero for not just deaf people

All of baseball knew his charm.

 

Two months before his death

At the age of ninety-nine.

Nineteen-sixty-one World Series

Threw the first ball and did fine.

 

Even though this man was deaf

And Dummy was his nickname.

He conquered all his dreams

And hangs in three Halls of Fame.

 

AUTHOR NOTES: Born in the small town of Houcktown, Ohio, Hoy became deaf after suffering from meningitis at age three, and went on to graduate from the Ohio State School for the Deaf in Columbus as class valedictorian. He opened a shoe repair store in his hometown and played baseball on weekends, earning a professional contract in 1886 with an Oshkosh, Wisconsin team which was managed by Frank Selee in 1887. In 1888, with the Washington Nationals of the American Association. Hoy became the third deaf player in the major leagues, after pitcher Ed Dundon and catcher Tom Lynch. In his rookie year he led the league in stolen bases (although the statistic was defined differently prior to 1898), and also finished second with 69 walks while batting .274. At 5’4″ and batting left-handed, he was able to gain numerous walks with a small strike zone, leading the league twice and compiling an excellent .386 career on base percentage. He is noted for being the most accomplished deaf player in major league history, and is credited by some sources with causing the establishment of signals for safe and out calls

He held the major league record for games in center field (1,726) from 1899 to 1920, set records for career putouts (3,958) and total chances (4,625) as an outfielder, and retired among the leaders in outfield games (2nd; 1,795), assists (7th; 273), and double plays (3rd; 72).

He was also an excellent base runner, scoring over 100 runs nine times, and often finishing among the top base stealers. He is one of only 29 players to have played in four different major leagues. His 1,004 career walks put him second in major league history behind Billy Hamilton when he retired, and he also ended his career ranking eighth in career games (1,796). His speed was a great advantage in the outfield, and he was able to play shallow as a result. On June 19, 1889 he set a major league record (which has since been tied twice) by throwing out three runners at home plate in one game, with catcher Connie Mack recording the outs. He and Mack joined the Buffalo Bisons of the Players League in 1890, after which Hoy returned to the AA with the St. Louis Browns under player-manager Charles Comiskey for the league’s final season in 1891, leading the league with 119 walks and scoring a career-high 136 runs (second in the league). He returned to Washington for two years with the Washington Nationals of the National League, and was traded to the Reds in December 1893, where he was reunited with Comiskey. Hoy spent the next four years with that club, hitting over 20 doubles each year and batting over .290 three times; in 1897 he led the NL with 359 putouts. Before the 1898 season he was traded to the Louisville Colonels, where his teammates included Honus Wagner, Fred Clarke and Tommy Leach (who was his roommate), and he hit .304 and .306 in his two seasons with the club; in 1899 he broke Mike Griffin’s major league record of 1459 games in center field. After playing for the Chicago White Sox in the American League during its last minor league season in 1900, where Comiskey was now the team owner, Hoy stayed with the team when the AL achieved major league status in 1901, helping them to the league’s (and his) first pennant; that year he broke Tom Brown’s record of 3623 career outfield putouts, and also led the league with 86 walks and 14 times hit by pitch while finishing fourth in runs (112) and on base percentage (.407). He ended his major league career with the Reds in 1902, batting .290 and breaking Brown’s record of 4461 career total chances in the outfield, and played for Los Angeles in the Pacific Coast League in 1903. In May of his last season with the Reds, he batted against pitcher Dummy Taylor of the New York Giants in the first face off between deaf players in the major leagues; Hoy got two hits. In Hoy’s time, the word “dumb” was used to describe someone who could not speak (as most deaf people at the time could not), rather than someone who was stupid; but since the ability to speak was often unfairly connected to one’s intelligence, the epithets “dumb” and “dummy” became interchangeable with stupidity. Hoy himself often corrected individuals who addressed him as William, and referred to himself as Dummy. Said to have been able to speak with a voice that resembled a squeak, he was actually one of the most intelligent players of his time, and is sometimes credited with developing the hand signals used by umpires to this day, though this view is widely disputed; Cy Rigler is believed to have created signals for balls and strikes while working in the minor leagues, and Bill Klem is credited with introducing those signals to the major leagues. Indeed, no articles printed during Hoy’s lifetime have been found to support the suggestion that he influenced the creation of signals, nor did he ever maintain that he had such a role. In addition, if Hoy could read the lips of an umpire only a few feet away, it is unlikely that he would have needed a manual signal as well. Nonetheless, due to the possibility that he may have played a role in the use of signals, as well as for his all-around play, there is a movement to support his election to the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York. In retirement, Hoy and his wife Anna Maria (who was also deaf) operated a dairy farm in Mount Healthy, Ohio, outside Cincinnati; among their six children was Carson, an Ohio judge, and their grandson Judson became a member of the Ohio State House of Representatives. They also raised his nephew Paul Hoy Helms, the founder of the Helms Athletic Foundation in Los Angeles. Hoy also worked as an executive with Goodyear after supervising hundreds of deaf workers during World War I. In 1951 he was the first deaf athlete elected to membership in the American Athletic Association of the Deaf Hall of Fame. At the age of 99 and just two months before his death in Cincinnati following a stroke, the Reds brought him back to Crosley Field, built on the site of his former home field, to throw out the first ball before Game 3 of the 1961 World Series. He could see, if not hear, the standing ovation he received. Upon his death that December, his remains were cremated according to family tradition and were scattered at Lytle Park in Cincinnati. Until the 1980s, he was believed to have been the longest-lived former player ever. In 2001 the baseball field at Gallaudet University was named William “Dummy” Hoy Baseball Field. He was inducted into the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame in 2003. William Ellsworth “Dummy” Hoy (May 23, 1862 – December 15, 1961) was an American center fielder in Major League Baseball who played for several teams from 1888 to 1902, most notably the Cincinnati Reds and two Washington, D.C. franchises.

Posted by: Ron DuBour | September 3, 2020

Mystical Creatures~by rldubour


 

 

Mystical Creatures

Havards Blackmoor Blog: [Races] Tree Lords of Blackmoor

 

A magical place

In a far away land.

Roamed the unknown

To all mortal man.

 

The sky with her lightning

The waves swirled their boat.

As fear grew inside them

Would they stay afloat.

 

Few did survive

The thunderous crash

The nature furry

Has brought down her wrath.

 

Awoke on an island

Not knowing where

The sounds that they heard

These brave men were scared.

 

They moved into the forest

Among all the trees.

Fear now subsiding

They felt more at ease.

 

The sunlight was fading

Bringing the night.

The trees seemed to cry

Something is not right.

 

The Treemen were lurking

Surrounding these men.

Ever closer they came

Each had a grin.

 

To capture the humans

Was in their thoughts.

To hunt all intruders

They were all taught.

 

In the fairies community

The Treeman were braced.

The order was given

For the humans to take.

 

One did escape

And ran for the beach.

Of these mystical creatures

Was able to teach.

 

Back in his homeland

He did survive

And told of the Treemen

When they came alive!

Posted by: Ron DuBour | September 1, 2020

Colors Of The Rainbow~by rldubour


 

 

Colors Of The Rainbow

Colors of the Rainbow | Color Song for Kids | St. Patrick's Day Song | Jack  Hartmann - YouTube

How beautiful are the rainbows that adorn the brilliant sky.
Is there a hidden meaning? That we know not why?
The colors of the rainbow that we all can see.
I will try and tell you just what the rainbow means to me.

Green represents majority, grass, trees and leaves.
Much like life itself formed in a womb from just a seed.
Blue represents serenity the water, sky and sea.
Much like at birth the soul is pure as it can be.
Yellow is our laughter the warmth of our sun above.
Much like that smile that you get from someone that you love.
Red is hot with fire the passion in our life.
Much like those burning desires to make everything all right.
Purple is for wisdom, power and authority.
Much like your strength that’s deep within that no one really sees.
Indigo is for silence, reflection and for thought.
Much like inner peace and prayer and lessons that we are taught.
The colors of the rainbow this is what I see.
If we all could hug a rainbow just imagine how things would be.

Posted by: Ron DuBour | August 31, 2020

Spring, Summer, Fall and Winter~by rldubour


 

 

Spring, Summer, Fall and Winter

four seasons spring, summer, autumn, winter trees collage Canvas Print • Pixers® - We live to change

S leepiness awakens too
P leased to see the old and new.
R espect, rebirth, rejoice
I know I have the choice.
N ature gave me all of this
G arnished with an Angel’s kiss.

S oon the new will be grown
U nderstanding what is known.
M odestly with beauty shown
M oving gently on private thrones.
E nlightened by all these sights
R ecord the image for future nights.

F orever nature stays on track
A lways forward never back.
L isting her colors with crisp air
L ending her beauty for man to share.

W hile I spend my time on earth
I value all these gifts of worth.
N ow the seasons near their end
T o complete the cycle once again.
E mbossed in her blanket white
R esounding sleep makes it right.


Friday! Time for an American Hero! Today is:

 

Knowing your American Heroes

Mildred Ella “Babe” Didrikson Zaharias

(1911 – 1956)

 Knowing your American Heroes ~ Mildred Ella “Babe” Didrikson Zaharias (1911  – 1956)~by rldubour | OUR POETRY CORNER

Dad was Ole and Mom was Hannah

Were immigrants from Norway.

Born in Port Arthur, Texas

June twenty-six was the day.

 

Best known for her athletic gifts

Many talents and competitor.

Whatever she competed in

“Babe” was the alienator.

 

The name “Babe” came from her softball days

One game hit five homeruns.

Nicknamed after the great Babe Ruth

That’s how it had begun.

 

She was an excellent seamstress

Winning State Fair in thirty-one.

All-American in basketball

She refused to be outdone.

 

Several songs with Mercury Records

Her biggest was “I felt a Little Teardrop.”

An expert diver and roller skater

Even bowling was at her top.

 

Excelled in Track and Field

In the L.A. Olympics in thirty-two.

Won one silver and two gold

Seemed nothing she could not do.

 

In thirty-five she picked up golf

A latecomer to the sport.

Where she would become most famous

As golf became her court.

 

Nineteen-fifty her greatest year

Won every golf-title available.

Total of eighty-two championships

No one else this will be achievable.

 

In John Sealy Hospital in Galveston

At the young age of forty-five.

On September twenty-seventh

As an Icon her name survives.

 

A heroin for all women

Nothing she could not achieve.

For Mildred Ella Didrikson

She believed she could succeed.

 

AUTHOR NOTES: Babe Zaharias was born Mildred Ella Didriksen in the oil town of Port Arthur, Texas. Her mother, Hannah, and her father, Ole, were immigrants from Norway. Three of her six siblings were born in Norway, and the other three were born in Port Arthur. Her surname was changed from Didriksen to Didrikson. Didrikson grew up in Beaumont and acquired the nickname “Babe” (after Babe Ruth) after she hit five home runs in a single baseball game. She wrote that she was born in 1914. However her tombstone and baptismal certificate say she was born in 1911, which is generally considered the correct year. Though best known for her athletic gifts, Zaharias had many talents and was a competitor in even the most domestic of occupations: sewing. She was an excellent seamstress and made many of the clothes she wore, including her golfing outfits. She won the sewing championship at the 1931 State Fair of Texas.

She was a singer and harmonica player. She recorded several songs on the Mercury Records label. Her biggest seller was “I Felt a Little Teardrop” with “Detour” on the flip side. She married George Zaharias, a professional wrestler, December 23rd, 1938.Zaharias gained world fame in track and field and All-American status in basketball. She played organized baseball and softball and was an expert diver, roller-skater and bowler. She won two gold medals and one silver medal for track and field in the 1932 Los Angeles Olympics. Didrikson’s first job was nominally as a secretary, for the Employers Casualty Insurance Co., of Dallas, Texas, in 1930. In fact, she was employed as a ruse for her to play basketball on one of the “industrial teams” in competitions organized by the Amateur Athletic Union. Despite leading the team to an AAU Basketball Championship in 1931, Didrikson first achieved wider attention as a track and field athlete. Representing her company in the 1932 AAU Championships, she entered eight events, winning five outright and tying first for a sixth. In the process, she set five world records in a single afternoon. Didrikson’s performance was enough to win the team championship, despite being the only member of her team. As the AAU Championships were the de facto US Olympic Trials, Didrikson qualified for the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. She was limited to entering three events there, the javelin throw, the 80 m hurdles and the high jump. She nearly won all three events: she won gold medals in the javelin and hurdles and cleared the same height as compatriot Jean Shiley in the high jump (with whom she had tied in the AAU Championship). The jury, however, disapproved of her style (jumping over headfirst) and declared Shiley the Olympic champion. After the Games, Shiley and Didrikson split their medals. By 1935, she picked up the sport of golf, a latecomer to the sport by which she would become most famous. Shortly thereafter, despite the brevity of her experience, she was denied amateur status, and so in January 1938 she competed in the Los Angeles As the AAU Championships were the de facto US Olympic Trials, Didrikson qualified for the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. She was limited to entering three events there, the javelin throw, the 80 m hurdles and the high jump. She nearly won all three events: she won gold medals in the javelin and hurdles and cleared the same height as compatriot Jean Shiley in the high jump (with whom she had tied in the AAU Championship). The jury, however, disapproved of her style (jumping over headfirst) and declared Shiley the Olympic champion. After the Games, Shiley and Didrikson split their medals. Babe went on to become America’s first female golf celebrity and the leading player of the 1940s and early 1950s. After winning back her amateur status in 1942, she won the 1946-47 United States Women’s Amateur Golf Championship as well as the 1947 British Ladies Amateur Golf Championship—the first American to do so—and three Western Open victories. Formally turning professional in 1947, she dominated the WPGA and later the LPGA, of which she was a founding member, until illness shortened her career in the mid-1950s. Zaharias even won a tournament named after her, the Babe Zaharias Open of Beaumont, Texas. She won the 1947 Titleholders Championship and the 1948 U.S. Women’s Open for her fourth and fifth major championships. She won 17 straight amateur victories, a feat never equaled by anyone, including Tiger Woods. By 1950, she had won every golf title available. Totaling both her amateur and professional victories, Zaharias won a total of 82 golf tournaments. Zaharias had her greatest year in 1950 when she completed the Grand Slam of the three women’s majors of the day, the U.S. Open, the Titleholders Championship, and the Western Open, in addition to leading the money list. That year, she became the fastest LPGA golfer to ever reach 10 wins. She was the leading money-winner again in 1951 and in 1952 took another major with a Titleholders victory, but illness prevented her from playing a full schedule in 1952-53. After being diagnosed with colon cancer in 1953 and undergoing surgery, she made a comeback in 1954 and took the Vare Trophy for lowest scoring average, her only win of the trophy, and her 10th and final major with a U.S. Women’s Open championship, one month after the cancer surgery. With this win, she became the second-oldest woman to ever win a major LPGA championship tournament (behind Fay Crocker; Zaharias now stands third to Crocker and Sherri Steinhauer). She also served as president of the LPGA from 1952 to 1955. Her colon cancer reappeared in 1955 and limited her schedule to eight events, but she managed two wins, which stand as her final ones in competitive golf. The cancer took its toll, and Zaharias died on September 27, 1956 at John Sealy Hospital in Galveston, Texas. At the time of her death, at age 45, she was still in the top rank of female golfers. She and her husband had established the Babe Zaharias Fund to support cancer clinics. She is buried at Forest Lawn Cemetery in Beaumont.

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