Posted by: Jonathan Caswell | February 23, 2021

IN THE DARK


He doesn’t know when she’ll be there,

Where his wife’s getting rehabilitation care….

But in Auburn

She’ll rehab and learn

How to lessen her pain there!

Jonathan Caswell

Posted by: Jonathan Caswell | February 23, 2021

TIMELY RHYME


They call it timely rhyme,

Its timing is sublime….

Douglas to Mumbai

twelve hours awry,

When U get up she’s about to recline!

Jonathan Caswell

Posted by: Jonathan Caswell | February 20, 2021

LESS THAN PERFECT PANCAKES


pancakes from freezer to fridge

something my cooking to bridge….

heated gone cold

tasted of mold,

pitched them and made a sandwich!

Jonathan Caswell

Posted by: Ron DuBour | February 19, 2021

Knowing your American Heroes~by rldubour


Alexander Graham Bell (1847 -1922)

Image result for Alexander Graham Bell (1847 -1922)

A commemorative marker

For a man that would excel.

Hangs at sixteen Charlotte Street.

The birthplace of Alexander Bell.

In Edinburgh, Scotland

In eighteen hundred and forty-seven.

With natural curiosity

Our world he would enliven.

His parents had three sons

Melville and Edward his brothers.

Dad was Professor Alexander

And Eliza Grace was his mother.

Experimenting at an early age

With his best friend Ben Herdman.

Together made a de-husking machine

Now inventing would be his plan.

Aleck was deeply affected

By his mother’s deafness.

Led him to study acoustics

He wrote “The Standard Elocutionist.”

Became a U.S. citizen

In eighteen-hundred and twenty-two.

Claimed as a “native son” by

Canada and Scotland too.

Called “the father of the deaf”

For work on speech and elocution.

Led him to experiment which

Brought the telephone invention.

His interests extremely varied

From medical to aeronautics.

Considered an inventive genius

In voice and electronics.

Bell died of pernicious anemia

August second, nineteen-twenty-two.

Excelled in communications

And whatever he did pursue.

His name in the top one-hundred

In the United States.

As one of the greatest inventors

That no one can debate.

AUTHOR NOTES: Alexander Graham Bell was born in Edinburgh, Scotland on 3 March 1847. The family home was at 16 South Charlotte Street, Edinburgh and has a commemorative marker at the doorstep, marking this as Alexander Graham Bell’s birthplace. He had two brothers: Melville James Bell (1845-1870) and Edward Charles Bell (1848-1867). Both of his brothers died of tuberculosis, Edward in 1867 and Melville in 1870. His father was Professor Alexander Melville Bell, and his mother was Eliza Grace (nee Symonds). At age ten, he made a plea to his father to have a middle name like his two brothers. For his 11th birthday, his father acquiesced and allowed him to adopt the middle name “Graham” chosen out of admiration for Alexander Graham, a Canadian being treated by his father and boarder who had become a family friend. To close relatives and friends he remained “Aleck” which his father continued to call him into later life. As a child, Bell displayed a natural curiosity about his world, resulting in gathering botanical specimens as well as experimenting even at an early age. His best friend was Ben Herdman, a neighbor whose family operated a flour mill, the scene of many forays. When their typical child’s play had caused a racket one day, John Herdman admonished the two boys, “Why don’t you do something useful?” Young Aleck asked what needed to be done at the mill. He was told wheat had to be de-husked through a laborious process and at the age of 12, Bell built a homemade device that combined rotating paddles with sets of nail brushes, creating a simple de-husking machine that was put into operation and used steadily for a number of years.                                                          

In return, John Herdman gave both boys the run of a small workshop to “invent.” From his early years, Aleck showed a sensitive nature and a talent for art, poetry and music that was encouraged by his mother. With no formal training, he mastered the piano and became the family’s pianist. Despite being normally quiet and introspective, he reveled in mimicry and “voice tricks” akin to ventriloquism that constantly entertained family guests. Aleck was also deeply affected by his mother’s gradual deafness (she began to lose her hearing when Aleck was 12) and learned a manual finger language so he could sit at her side and tap out silently the conversations swirling around the family parlor. He also developed a technique of speaking in clear, modulated tones directly into his mother’s forehead wherein she would hear him with reasonable clarity. Aleck’s preoccupation with his mother’s deafness led him to study acoustics. Aleck became so proficient that he became part of his father’s public demonstrations and astounded audiences with his abilities in deciphering Latin, Gaelic and even Sanskrit symbols. Subsequently, his father was invited by Sarah Fuller, principal of the Boston School for Deaf Mutes (which continues today as the Horace Mann School for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing), in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, to introduce the Visible Speech System by providing training for Fuller’s instructors but he declined the post, in favor of his son. Traveling to Boston in April 1871, Alexander provided a successful in servicing of the school’s instructors. Bell was subsequently asked to repeat the program at the American Asylum for Deaf-mutes in Hartford and the Clarke School for the Deaf in Northampton. Alexander Graham Bell (3 March 1847 – 2 August 1922) was a Scottish scientist, inventor and innovator. Throughout his early life, Alexander Graham Bell was a British subject but in 1915, he characterized his status as: “I am not one of those hyphenated Americans who claim allegiance to two countries.” Despite this declaration, Bell has been claimed as a “native son” by Canada, Scotland and the United States. Born and raised in Edinburgh, Scotland, he immigrated to Canada in 1870, and then to the United States in 1871, becoming a U.S. citizen in 1882. Bell would spend his final, and some of his most productive years in residence in both Washington, D.C. and Beinn Bhreagh (Gaelic: beautiful mountain), a summer retreat he built in Nova Scotia, Canada. Recognized as an eminent scientist and inventor, Alexander Graham Bell is most often associated with the invention of the telephone. In later life, Bell considered his most famous invention was an intrusion on his real work and refused to have a telephone in his study. Alexander Graham Bell was called “the father of the deaf”. His father, grandfather and brother had all been associated with work on elocution and speech, and both his mother and wife were deaf, profoundly influencing Bell’s life’s work. His research on hearing and speech further led him to experiment with hearing devices that eventually culminated in the invention of the telephone. Bell was awarded the first U.S. patent for the invention of the telephone in 1876. Although other inventors had claimed the honor, the Bell patent remained in effect. Many other inventions marked Bell’s later life including groundbreaking work in hydrofoils and aeronautics. In 1888, Alexander Graham Bell was one of the founding members of the National Geographic Society. Upon Bell’s death, all telephones throughout the United States stilled their ringing for a silent minute in tribute to the man whose yearning to communicate made them possible. On 11 July 1877, a few days after the Bell Telephone Company began, Bell married Mabel Hubbard (1857-1923) at the Hubbard estate in Cambridge, and shortly after, embarked on a year-long honeymoon in Europe. During the Bells’ European honeymoon, Alec brought a handmade model of his telephone with him, making it a “working holiday.” Although the courtship had begun years earlier, Alexander waited until he was financially secure before marrying. Although the telephone appeared to be an “instant” success, it was not initially a profitable venture and Bell’s main sources of income were from lectures until after 1897. One unusual request exacted by his fiancée was that he use “Alec” rather than the family’s earlier familiar name. From 1876, he would sign his name “Alec Bell.” They had four children: Elsie May Bell (1878-1964) who married Gilbert Grosvenor of National Geographic fame; Marian Hubbard Bell (1880-1962) who was referred to as “Daisy”; and two sons who died in infancy. Although Alexander Graham Bell is most often associated with the invention of the telephone, his interests were extremely varied. The range of Bell’s inventive genius is represented only in part by the 18 patents granted in his name alone and the 12 he shared with his collaborators. These included 14 for the telephone and telegraph, four for the photo phone, one for the phonograph, five for aerial vehicles, four for “hydro airplanes” and two for selenium cells. Bell’s inventions spanned a wide range of interests and included a metal jacket to assist in breathing, the audiometer to detect minor hearing problems, a device to locate icebergs, investigations on how to separate salt from seawater, and work on finding alternative fuels. Bell died of pernicious anemia on 2 August 1922, at his private estate, Beinn Bhreagh, Nova Scotia, at age 75. While tending to her husband after a long illness, Mabel whispered, “Don’t leave me.” By way of reply, Bell traced the sign for “No” – and promptly expired.                                                                                                   

Posted by: Ron DuBour | February 12, 2021

Knowing your American Heroes~by rldubour


Luther Burbank (1849 –1926)

Image result for Luther Burbank (1849 –1926)

The thirteenth of eighteen children

Born in eighteen-forty-nine.

In Lancaster, Massachusetts

Horticulture he would refine.

Developed the Burbank potato

From seventy-two to seventy-four.

His experiments on plants

Would bring the world much more.

He purchased four acres of land

When he moved to Santa Rosa.

Established a greenhouse and nursery

His new home in California.

Then purchased a farm in Sebastopol

For more experimental growing.

Named it the Gold Ridge Farm

Inspiration by Darwin was showing.

Was criticized by scientists

For his poor record keeping.

The norm in scientific research

Results were what he was seeking.

A descriptive catalog

He published in eighteen-ninety-three.

“New Creations of Fruits and Flowers”

Some of his best varieties.

By all accounts was a kindly man

Interested in education.

Modest with his scientific fame

Fifty-five years of dedication.

In March of nineteen-twenty-six

Burbank suffered a heart attack.

His worked spurred the passing

Of the nineteen-thirty Plant Patent Act.

Sixteen patents were issued

By Congress authority.

For the new varieties of plants

To Burbank posthumously.

His home a National Landmark

Was an American botanist.

A pioneer in agricultural science

And dedicated horticulturist.

AUTHOR NOTES: Born in Lancaster, Massachusetts, Burbank grew up on a farm and received only an elementary education. The thirteenth of 18 children, he enjoyed the plants in his mother’s large garden. His father died when he was 21 years old, and Burbank used his small inheritance to buy a 17-acre (69,000 m²) plot of land near Lunenburg. Burbank developed the Burbank potato, 1872 to 1874. Burbank sold the rights to the Burbank potato for $150 and used the money to travel to Santa Rosa, California in 1875. Later, a natural sport of Burbank potato with russetted skin was selected and named Russet Burbank potato. Today, the Russet Burbank potato is the most widely cultivated potato in the United States, prized for processing. McDonald’s french fries are made exclusively from this cultivar. In Santa Rosa, Burbank purchased a 4-acre plot of land, and established a greenhouse, nursery, and experimental fields that he used to conduct crossbreeding experiments on plants, inspired by Charles Darwin’s The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication. (This site is now open to the public as a city park, Luther Burbank Home and Gardens.) Later he purchased an 18-acre plot of land in the nearby town of Sebastopol for more experimental growing called Gold Ridge Farm

Burbank was criticized by scientists of his day because he did not keep the kind of careful records that are the norm in scientific research and because he was mainly interested in getting results rather than in basic research. Jules Janick, Ph.D., Professor of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, writing in the World Book Encyclopedia, 2004 edition, says: “Burbank cannot be considered a scientist in the academic sense.” In 1893 Burbank published a descriptive catalog of some of his best varieties, entitled called New Creations in Fruits and Flowers. In 1907, Burbank published an “essay on childrearing,” called The Training of the Human Plant. In it, he advocated improved treatment of children and eugenic practices such as keeping the unfit and first cousins from marrying. During his career, Burbank wrote, or co-wrote, several books on his methods and results, including his eight-volume How Plants Are Trained to Work for Man (1921), Harvest of the Years (with Wilbur Hall, 1927), Partner of Nature (1939), and the 12-volume Luther Burbank: His Methods and Discoveries and Their Practical Application. By all accounts, Burbank was a kindly man who wanted to help other people. He was very interested in education and gave money to the local schools. He married twice: to Helen Coleman in 1880, which ended in divorce in 1896; and to Elizabeth Waters in 1916. He had no children. In a speech given to the First Congregational Church of San Francisco in 1926 Burbank said: “I love humanity, which has been a constant delight to me during all my seventy-seven years of life; and I love flowers, trees, animals, and all the works of Nature as they pass before us in time and space. What a joy life is when you have made a close working partnership with Nature, helping her to produce for the benefit of mankind new forms, colors, and perfumes in flowers which were never known before; fruits in form, size, and flavor never before seen on this globe; and grains of enormously increased productiveness, whose fat kernels are filled with more and better nourishment, a veritable storehouse of perfect food—new food for all the world’s untold millions for all time to come.” In mid-March 1926, Burbank suffered a heart attack and became ill with gastrointestinal complications. He died on April 11, 1926, aged 77, and is buried near the greenhouse at the Luther Burbank Home and Gardens. Burbank’s work spurred the passing of the 1930 Plant Patent Act four years after his death. The legislation made it possible to patent new varieties of plants (excluding tuber-propagated plants). In supporting the legislation, Thomas Edison testified before Congress in support of the legislation and said that “This [bill] will, I feel sure, give us many Burbanks.” The authorities issued Plant Patents #12, #13, #14, #15, #16, #18, #41, #65, #66, #235, #266, #267, #269, #290, #291, and #1041 to Burbank posthumously. In 1986, Burbank was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame. The Luther Burbank Home and Gardens, in downtown Santa Rosa, are now designated as a National Historic Landmark. Luther Burbank’s Gold Ridge Experiment Farm is listed in the National Register of Historic Places a few miles west of Santa Rosa in the town of Sebastopol, California. Luther Burbank (March 7, 1849 – April 11, 1926) was an American botanist, horticulturist and a pioneer in agricultural science. He developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants over his 55-year career. Burbank’s varied creations included fruits, flowers, grains, grasses, and vegetables. He developed a spineless cactus (useful for cattle-feed) and the plumcot. Burbank’s creations included: Fruits: 113 plums and prunes, 35 fruiting cacti, 16 blackberries, 13 raspberries, 11 quinces, 11 plumcots, 10 cherries, 10 strawberries,10 apples, 08 peaches, 06 chestnuts, 05 nectarines, 04 grapes, 04 pears, 03 walnuts,02 figs, and 01 almond. Grains, grasses, forage: 09 types, Vegetables: 26 types and Ornamentals: include 91 types. Burbank’s most successful strains and varieties include the Shasta daisy, the Fire poppy, the July Elberta peach, the Santa Rosa plum, the Flaming Gold nectarine, the Burbank plum, the Freestone peach, and the Burbank potato. Burbank also bred the white blackberry. A natural sport (genetic variant) of the Burbank potato with russet (reddish-brown) skin later became known as the Russet Burbank potato: this large, brown-skinned, white-fleshed potato has become the world’s predominant processing potato.

Posted by: Jonathan Caswell | February 8, 2021

The Flower of Alchemy… — Sue Vincent’s Daily Echo


* Before a bud… The moon in flood Has sucked the sap Continue reading at France & Vincent

The Flower of Alchemy… — Sue Vincent’s Daily Echo
Posted by: Jonathan Caswell | February 6, 2021

TRANSMUTATION


My wife’s computer—a “WUW”—

Can’t find my blog somehow……

It often displays

Stuff for which one pays,

And my blog is free for now!

Jonathan Caswell

Posted by: Ron DuBour | February 5, 2021

Knowing your American Heroes~by rldubour


Frederick Douglass (1818–1895)

Image result for Frederick Douglass (1818–1895)

Born Frederick Augustus

Washington Bailey his name.

Known as Frederick Douglas

Would be one in the same.

His Mom was Harriet Bailey

A slave in Talbot County, Maryland.

Still an infant was taken away

The owner did demand.

In thirty-six tried to escape

From his owner Mr.Covey.

And then from owner Mr. Freeman

To freedom from slavery.

Dressed in a sailor’s uniform

September third in thirty-eight.

Boarding a train to Havre de Grace

He successfully escaped.

In forty-three participated

In Anti-Slavery Society’s.

Became publisher of “The North Star”

This was published monthly.

He knew the key to social status

Was to improve through education.

In schools for African-Americans

He fought for desegregation.

Conferred with President Lincoln

In eighteen and sixty-three.

Now Douglas a famous black man

Known for his oratories.

Appointed a U.S. Marshal

And then the Recorder of Deeds.

The most prominent African-American

In equality he believed.

An American abolitionist

Also editor and orator

A statesman and reformer.

And a well known author.

A formidable public presence

His words he spoke were strong.

“I would unite with anybody to do right

And with nobody to do wrong.”

AUTHOR NOTES: Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, who later became known as Frederick Douglass, was born a slave in Talbot County, Maryland, near Hillsboro. He was separated from his mother, Harriet Bailey, when he was still an infant. She died when Douglass was about seven. The identity of Douglass’ father is obscure: Douglass originally stated that his father was a white man, perhaps his owner, Aaron Anthony; but he later said he knew nothing of his father’s identity. At the age of six, Douglass was separated from his grandmother and moved to the Wye House plantation, where Anthony worked as overseer. When Anthony died, Douglass was given to Lucretia Auld, wife of Thomas Auld. Mrs. Auld sent Douglass to Baltimore to serve Thomas’ brother, Hugh Auld. In 1836, Douglass first attempted to escape from his owner, Covey. He was unsuccessful. He also tried to escape from Mr. Freeman, a man who hired him out from his owner, Colonel Lloyd. This was his second unsuccessful attempt at escape.

Douglass successfully escaped slavery on September 3, 1838, boarding a train to Havre de Grace, Maryland, dressed in a sailor’s uniform and carrying identification papers provided by a free black seaman. After crossing the Susquehanna River by ferry at Havre de Grace, Douglass continued by train to Wilmington, Delaware. From there Douglass went by steamboat to “Quaker City” — Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His escape to freedom eventually led him to New York, the entire journey taking less than 24 hours. Douglass “officially” won his freedom when British sympathizers paid the slaveholder who legally still owned him. In 1843, Douglass participated in the American Anti-Slavery Society’s Hundred Conventions project, a six month tour of meeting halls throughout the Eastern and Midwestern United States. He participated in the Seneca Falls Convention, the birthplace of the American feminist movement, and was a signatory of its Declaration of Sentiments. Douglass later became the publisher of a series of newspapers: The North Star, Frederick Douglass Weekly, Frederick Douglass’ Paper, Douglass’ Monthly and New National Era. The motto of The North Star was “Right is of no Sex — Truth is of no Color — God is the Father of us all, and we are all brethren.” Douglass understood that a key way African-Americans could improve their socio-economic status was through education. For this reason, he was an early advocate for the desegregation of schools. In the 1850’s, he was especially outspoken in New York. While there was a one to forty ratio of African American to white students, expenditures on education reflected a ration of one to sixteen hundred. This meant that the facilities and instruction for African-American children was vastly inferior. In response, Douglass called for court action to open all schools to all children. He even went so far as to claim that inclusion within the educational system was a more pressing need than political issues such as suffrage. Douglass’ work spanned the years prior to and during the Civil War. He was acquainted with the radical abolitionist John Brown but disapproved of Brown’s plan to start an armed slave rebellion in the South. Brown visited Douglass’ home two months before he led the raid on the federal armory in Harpers Ferry. After the incident, Douglass fled for a time to Canada, fearing he might be arrested as a co-conspirator. Douglass believed that the attack on federal property would enrage the American public. Douglass would later share a stage in Harpers Ferry with Andrew Hunter, the prosecutor who successfully convicted Brown. Douglass conferred with President Abraham Lincoln in 1863 on the treatment of black soldiers, and with President Andrew Johnson on the subject of black suffrage. His early collaborators were the white abolitionists William Lloyd Garrison and Wendell Phillips. In the early 1850s, however, Douglass split with the Garrisonians over the issue of the United States Constitution. By the time of the Civil War, Douglass was one of the most famous black men in the country, known for his oratories on the condition of the black race, and other issues such as women’s rights. In 1872, Douglass became the first African American to receive a nomination for Vice President of the United States, having been nominated to be Victoria Woodhull’s running mate on the Equal Rights Party ticket without his knowledge. During the campaign, he neither campaigned for the ticket nor even acknowledged that he had been nominated. Douglass spoke at many schools around the country in the Reconstruction era, including Bates College in Lewiston, Maine in 1873. In 1877, Douglass was appointed a United States Marshal. In 1881, he was appointed Recorder of Deeds for the District of Columbia. His wife (Anna Murray Douglas) died in 1882, leaving him in a state of depression. Douglass had five children; two of them, Charles and Rosetta, helped produce his newspapers. Douglass was an ordained minister of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. Shortly after he returned home, Frederick Douglass died of a massive heart attack or stroke in his adopted hometown of Washington, D.C. He is buried in Mount Hope Cemetery in Rochester, New York. In 1921, members of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity designated Frederick Douglass as an honorary member of the fraternity. He holds the distinction of being the only member initiated posthumously. Frederick Douglass (February, 1818 – February 20, 1895) was an American abolitionist, editor, orator, author, statesman and reformer. Called “The Sage of Anacostia” and “The Lion of Anacostia,” Douglass was one of the most prominent figures in African American history and a formidable public presence. He was a firm believer in the equality of all people, whether black, female, American Indian, or recent immigrant. He was fond of saying, “I would unite with anybody to do right and with nobody to do wrong.”

Posted by: Ron DuBour | January 29, 2021

Knowing your American Heroes~by rldubour


Thomas Alvin Edison (1847-1931)

Thomas Edison #14141202 Framed Prints, Wall Art, Posters, Jigsaws

Was born in Milan, Ohio

Raised in Port Huron, Michigan.

Nancy and Samuel Edison

Parents were of Dutch origin.

Tom sold candy and newspapers on trains

Running from Port Huron to Detroit.

To supplement his income

Sold vegetables he’d exploit.

Station agent J.U.MacKenzie

Was so grateful to Edison

Trained him as a telegraph operator

For saving his three year old son.

Edison’s first big patent

Was in eighteen-sixty-nine.

The electric vote recorder

Many more he would refine.

In eighteen-seventy-seven

Invented the phonograph.

To the public this was magical

They dubbed him on his behalf.

“The Wizard of Menlo Park”

Edison became known by name.

The first industrial research lab

Would bring him world wide fame.

An American inventor

That greatly influenced life.

Holding one-thousand and ninety-three

Patents to this day would be rife.

Not only the United States

Holds patents in several countries.

The United Kingdom, France

And the nation of Germany.

Many tributes have been made

To Thomas Alvin Edison.

A genius with inventions

Will never be outdone.

In nineteen-thirty-one

At home his wife was there.

The last words that he said to her

“It is very beautiful over there.”

AUTHOR NOTES: Thomas Edison was born in Milan, Ohio and was raised in Port Huron, Michigan. He was the seventh and last child of Samuel Ogden Edison, Jr. (1804–1896) (born in Marshalltown, Nova Scotia, Canada) and Nancy Matthews Edison nee Elliott (1810–1871). His family was of Dutch origin.In school, the young Edison’s mind often wandered, and his teacher the Reverend Engle was overheard calling him “addled.” This ended Edison’s three months of official schooling. He recalled later, “My mother was the making of me. She was so true, so sure of me; and I felt I had something to live for, someone I must not disappoint.” His mother then home schooled him. Much of his education came from reading R.G. Parker’s School of Natural Philosophy. The cause of Edison’s deafness has been attributed to a bout of scarlet fever during childhood and recurring untreated middle ear infections. Edison around the middle of his career attributed the hearing loss to being struck on the ears by a train conductor when his chemical lab in a boxcar caught fire. In his later years he modified the story to say the injury occurred when the conductor, in helping him onto a moving train, lifted him by the ears. Edison’s family was forced to move to Port Huron, Michigan when the railroad bypassed Milan in 1854, but his life there was bittersweet. This began Edison’s long streak of entrepreneurial ventures as he discovered his talents as a businessman. These talents would eventually lead him to found General Electric, which is still a publicly traded company, and 13 other companies. He sold candy and newspapers on trains running from Port Huron to Detroit, as well as vegetables that he sold to supplement his income. Edison became a telegraph operator after he saved three-year-old Jimmie MacKenzie from being struck by a runaway train. Jimmie’s father, station agent J.U. MacKenzie of Mount Clemens, Michigan, was so grateful that he trained Edison as a telegraph operator. Some of his earliest inventions were related to telegraphy, including a stock ticker. Edison’s first patent was for the electric vote recorder, (U. S. Patent 90,646), which was granted on June 1, 1869. Thomas Edison began his career as an inventor in Newark, New Jersey, with the automatic repeater and his other improved telegraphic devices, but the invention which first gained him fame was the phonograph in 1877. This accomplishment was so unexpected by the public at large as to appear almost magical. Edison became known as “The Wizard of Menlo Park,” Edison’s major innovation was the first industrial research lab, which was built in Menlo Park, New Jersey. It was the first institution set up with the specific purpose of producing constant technological innovation and improvement. Edison was legally attributed with most of the inventions produced there, though many employees carried out research and development work under his direction. In 1908, Edison started the Motion Picture Patents Company, which was a conglomerate of nine major film studios (commonly known as the Edison Trust). Thomas Edison was the first honorary fellow of the Acoustical Society of America, which was founded in 1929. Edison is considered one of the most prolific inventors in history, holding 1,093 U.S. patents in his name, as well as many patents in the United Kingdom, France and Germany. Edison became the owner of his Milan, Ohio, birthplace in 1906. On his last visit, in 1923, he was shocked to find his old home still lit by lamps and candles. Thomas Edison died on October 18, 1931, in his home, “Glenmont” in Llewellyn Park in West Orange, New Jersey, which he had purchased in 1886 as a wedding gift for Mina. His final words to his wife were “It is very beautiful over there.” Many tributes have been made to Thomas Edison. Several places and objects have been named after him, including the town of Edison, New Jersey. Thomas Edison State College, a nationally-known college for adult learners is in Trenton, New Jersey. There are numerous Edison High Schools around the country. Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman who developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph and a long lasting light bulb. Dubbed “The Wizard of Menlo Park” by a newspaper reporter, he was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production to the process of invention, and therefore is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory.

Posted by: Ron DuBour | January 23, 2021

Knowing your American Heroes~by rldubour


Henry Louis “Hank” Aaron (1934)~(2021) R.I.P.

Hank Aaron, baseball's one-time home run king, dies at 86 | Sports |  griffindailynews.com

Born in Mobile, Alabama

To Herbert and Estelle Aaron.

Is one of seven siblings

This is where he did begin.

Hank and his brother Tommy

They both went on to play.

Together they hold the record

For most homeruns that stands today.

Growing up his family poor

His balls were bottle caps.

Even then his love for baseball

Was using sticks instead of bats.

He attended Central High School

Where even football did excel.

Was offered several scholarships

Destined for fame one could tell.

Signed with the Indianapolis Clowns

His major league career had begun.

On November twentieth

In nineteen-fifty-one.

The Boston Braves bought his contract

Ten thousand dollars it would be.

Married his sweetheart Barbara Lewis

On October sixth in fifty-three.

Nicknamed the “Hammer”

Or “Hammerin Hank.”

His consistency in playing

Among the top he ranks.

In June of two-thousand-two

Hank Aaron would become.

Awarded the nation’s highest civilian honor

The Presidential Metal of Freedom.

In what major baseball officials

Calls a long overdue oversight.

An additional fifty homeruns

Would make Hank Aaron’s record right.

A hero in American baseball

Hangs in the Hall of Fame.

Fifth on the list of greatest players

Forever will live his name.

AUTHOR NOTES: Hank Aaron was born in Mobile, Alabama to Herbert and Estella Aaron. By the time his parents were finished having children, Aaron had seven siblings; Tommie Aaron, one of his brothers, also went on to play Major League Baseball. By the time Aaron retired, he and his brother held the record for most career home runs by a pair of siblings (768).

They were also the first siblings to appear in a League Championship Series as teammates. While he was born in a section of town referred to as ‘Down the Bay’, he spent most of his youth in Toulminville. Aaron grew up poor and his family couldn’t afford baseball equipment so he had to hit bottle caps with sticks. Aaron attended Central High School as a freshman and a sophomore. There he played outfield and third base on the baseball team and helped lead his team to the Negro High School Championship both years. During this time, he also excelled in football. His success on the football field led to several football scholarship offers. However, Aaron turned these down to pursue a career in major league baseball. Although he batted cross-handed (that is, as a right-handed hitter, with his left hand above his right), a somewhat unconventional batting method, Aaron had already established himself as a top power hitter. As a result, in 1949, at the age of 15, Aaron had his first tryout with a MLB franchise. Aaron tried to make the Brooklyn Dodgers; however, his tryout did not go well and he did not make the team. After the tryout, Aaron returned to school to finish his secondary education. His last two years were spent at the Josephine Allen Institute, a private high school in Alabama. During his junior year, Aaron joined the Mobile Black Bears, an independent Negro league team. While on the Bears, Aaron earned $10 per game. Aaron’s major league career began on November 20, 1951, baseball scout Ed Scott signed Aaron to a contract on behalf of the Indianapolis Clowns. 1953 also proved beneficial to Aaron off the field. Aaron met a woman by the name of Barbara Lewis. The night he met her, Lewis decided to attend the Tars’ game. Aaron singled, doubled, and hit a home run in the game. On October 6, 1953, Aaron and Lewis were married. In July 2000 and again in July 2002, Aaron threw out the ceremonial first pitch at the Major League Baseball All-Star Game, played at Turner Field and Miller Park, respectively. In June 2002, Aaron received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest civilian honor. Statues of Aaron stand outside the front entrance of both Turner Field and Miller Park. Aaron also has a statue of him as an 18-year-old shortstop outside of Carson Park in Eau Claire, Wisconsin, where he played his first season in the Braves’ minor league system. In April 1997, a new baseball facility for the AA Mobile Bay Bears constructed in Aaron’s hometown of Mobile, Alabama was named Hank Aaron Stadium. In 2006, a recreational trail in Milwaukee connecting Miller Park with Lake Michigan along the Menomonee River was dedicated as the “Hank Aaron State Trail.” Hank Aaron was on hand for the dedication along with Wisconsin Governor Jim Doyle, who at the ceremony described himself as a boyhood fan of Aaron’s. During his professional career, Aaron performed at a consistently high level for an extended period of time. He hit 24 or more home runs every year from 1955 through 1973, and is the only player to hit 30 or more home runs in a season at least 15 times. He is one of only four players to have at least 17 seasons with 150 or more hits. Aaron made the All-Star team every year from 1955 until 1975 and won three Rawlings Gold Glove Awards. In 1957 he won the National League Most Valuable Player Award, while that same year, the Milwaukee Braves won the World Series. It was Aaron’s one World Series victory during his career as a player. Aaron’s consistency helped him to establish a number of important hitting records during his 23-year career. Aaron holds the MLB records for the most career runs batted in To honor Aaron’s contributions to Major League Baseball, MLB created the Hank Aaron Award, an annual award given to the hitters voted the most effective in each respective league. He is the last Negro league baseball player to play in the major leagues. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1982, his first year of eligibility. In 1999, editors at The Sporting News ranked Hank Aaron 5th on their list of “Baseball’s 100 Greatest Players”. That same year, baseball fans named Aaron to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team. MILWAUKEE—In what Major League Baseball officials are calling a “long overdue correction of a gross oversight,” Commissioner Bud Selig announced Tuesday the discovery that Hall of Famer Hank Aaron had in fact accumulated 50 previously unaccounted-for home runs during his illustrious 22-year baseball career, bringing his once record total of 755 to an even higher 805 and putting the all-time home-run record perhaps forever out of reach. “Hank Aaron is a hero, an excellent man, and a great ambassador for the game of baseball,” Selig said during a press conference to announce the findings. “We’re proud to have finally set thingsright, hopefully once and for all. And I have to tell you, some of the home runs that we discovered were just monster shots. One was hit off of [Pittsburgh Pirates pitcher] Harvey Haddix that went 576 feet, and Hank wasn’t even that big of a guy. Just naturally strong and gifted, I guess.”

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